Marigolds are very lovely bright flowers that are loved by many home owners as a home gardening plant. The size of the marigold plant and the blooms differ and depend on the type of marigold. The Marigold flowers have a strong scent and were once thought to be a poisonous because of their odor. Gardeners’ today love to grow the marigolds in their garden as a border or edging in their garden for the various landscape designs. They make a very attractive choice during the summers and attract lovely butterflies in the garden.
Origin Of Marigold
Native to subtropical and tropical parts of South America, central and North America, plants in the genus Tagetes are called the marigolds. Four species in particular are the basic marigold and from which hundreds of varieties of marigolds can now be found in the world. These four species provide generic lineage to a substantial number of garden cultivars in existence.
Types Of Marigold
There are various types of marigolds that include:
1. Signet marigold: they grow 10 to 15 inches tall and are known as ornamental species. The flowers measure 1 inch in diameter and are profusely borne all across mounding plants. They come in yellow, orange and gold colors and the foliage looks lacy and is bright green. They are annual flowers and last for only one season every year.
2. Mexican Marigold: the stems and foliage smell of a blend of Terragon and anise when crushed. They have narrow dark green leaves that grow on un-branched stems. They can grow up to 3 feet tall and bear Lilliputian yellow flowers around ½ inches across on stem tips.
3. French Marigold: this plant has got smaller, petite growth habit, and matures 6 to 8 inches tall. There are various cultivars ranging from small rounded to mounding bush-like plants. The foliage is dark green and has a ferry texture with single or double form flowers. The colors are yellow to gold and orange or russet-sienna.
4. African marigold: these types from as tall as 24 to 48 inches and look like French marigold. They are large and have double flower heads and look like a ruffled pompom which can grow to 2 to 5 inches in diameter.
5. Triploid marigold: these types were created with a mix of French and African marigolds and grow to a height of 12 to 36 inches tall and 12 to 16 inches in diameter. Zenith, solar and nugget are some of the example of triploid marigolds.